Scores of Iraqis injured in anti-government protests in Baghdad

Reuters Sat 1 Oct 2022 –

Teargas and stun grenades used by security forces as unrest over poverty and corruption flares up in the capital and other cities

Protesters try to break through barriers on the Republic Bridge in Baghdad, Iraq during a day of anti-government demonstrations
Protesters try to break through barriers on the Republic Bridge in Baghdad during a day of demonstrations. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Iraqi security forces have fired teargas and stun grenades to disperse stone-throwing protesters in clashes that wounded scores of people near Baghdad’s Tahrir Square, where hundreds marked the anniversary of anti-government unrest in 2019.

At least 86 people were wounded on Saturday, about half of them members of the security forces, and 38 protesters were hit by rubber bullets.

“Infiltrated elements” were attacking security forces with molotov cocktails and hunting rifles, Iraq’s military said.

Security personnel had deployed checkpoints across the city, closed bridges and squares, and erected walls across some of the bridges leading to the fortified Green Zone that houses government headquarters and foreign embassies.

Protest at Tahrir Square in central Baghdad
Protest at Tahrir Square in central Baghdad on Saturday 1 October. Photograph: Ahmed Jalil/EPA

Protesters in the square waved the Iraqi flag and chanted: “We want to overthrow the regime.”

“We took part in today’s peaceful protests because we want our demands to be met … we want security, jobs and our simple rights … we are not here to fight or shed blood,” said Laith, a young protester from Baghdad.

A few metres away, a Reuters reporter witnessed security forces firing teargas and stun grenades to disperse protesters who had tried to tear down a wall blocking the Republic Bridge leading across the Tigris to the Green Zone.

Protests also erupted in southern provinces. In the city of Nasiriya, hundreds gathered in the central Haboubi Square and many marched towards the provincial building and threw molotov cocktails.

Iraqi protesters clash with security forces on Saturday at a gathering in Basra
Iraqi protesters clash with security forces on Saturday at a gathering in Basra to mark the anniversary of anti-government protests in 2019. Photograph: Essam Al-Sudani/Reuters

In Diwaniya and Basra, protesters gathered in front of the provincial government building and burned tyres.

In 2019 protests erupted against then prime minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi’s government, with demonstrators demanding an overhaul of a political system they saw as profoundly corrupt and keeping most Iraqis in poverty.

More than 560 people, mostly unarmed demonstrators but also members of the security forces, were killed as Iraqi security forces and unidentified gunmen cracked down.

Mahdi quit under pressure from the protests, with the powerful Shia Muslim cleric Moqtada al-Sadr the biggest winner in an election last October.

In June Sadr withdrew all his lawmakers, nearly a quarter of parliament, and resorted to whipping up street protests after his movement failed to form a government, leading to some of the worst clashes the country has seen in years.

“Not this government and neither the previous one. We are against the political system in its entirety. We want drastic change. It is enough,” daily wage worker Yasser said.

Saturday’s gathering raised fears of more unrest and tension among power-hungry politicians that could further delay the formation of a government after Sadr quit politics at the end of August.

Four rockets landed in the Green Zone on Wednesday during a partial lockdown as parliament was convening, wounding seven security personnel, and another four rockets fired from eastern Baghdad landed around the zone on Thursday.